PHP Classes

PHP MySQL Database: Connect and query a MySQL database

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php-simple-db-class 1.0.0GNU General Publi...5PHP 5, Databases
Description 

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This class can connect and query a MySQL database.

It parses a INI file to extract the database server host, user, password and database name to connect.

The class can perform arbitrary SQL queries and extract the query results into arrays.

The database connection is closed when the object is destroyed.

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Example

<?php
require_once('database.class.php');

/**
* database table used in this example
*
CREATE TABLE `guestbook` (
  `id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `user` varchar(20) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `message` varchar(400) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `date` datetime DEFAULT NULL ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=4 DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

*
* some random data inserted
*
insert into guestbook (user, message, DATE) values ('me', 'anything', now());
insert into guestbook (user, message, DATE) values ('user', 'a message', now());
insert into guestbook (user, message, DATE) values ('user1', 'new message', now());


**/


//run select query and display results
$db = new MySQLDb;
$query = "select * from guestbook";
$result = $db->query($query);

//check total number of rows returned
// var_dump($result); to see details of returned object
echo "number of rows in result set = ".$result->num_rows;

//fetch those rows into $rows
$rows = $db->fetch();
var_dump($rows);

//insert into table query
$query = "insert into guestbook (user, message, DATE) values ('user', 'a message', now())";
$result = $db->query($query);

//$result will return false if query was unsucsessful
echo ($result) ? "<br> Successfully inserted" : "<br> Insert query was not successfull";

//update a row in table
$query = "update guestbook set user = 'user1' where id = 3";
$result = $db->query($query);
echo (
$result) ? "<br> Successfully update" : "<br> Update query was not successfull";

//delete a row in table
$query = "delete from guestbook id = 2";
$result = $db->query($query);
echo (
$result) ? "<br> Successfully deleted" : "<br> Delete query was not successfull";

/* SQL Injection Prevention
Use prepareed statement and bind variables
Most common attacks can be prevented by binding variables
Use PHP sanitize filters on user inputs
e.g: FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT will remove all non-int from integer inputs
more info:
http://us3.php.net/manual/en/filter.filters.sanitize.php
http://php.net/manual/en/pdo.prepared-statements.php
*/

// sanitize user id input, remove all non digit characters
   
$id = filter_var($_GET['id'], FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT);

// Insert query with prepare and bind
   
$values = array(0 => 'userx', 1 => 'guest message', 2 => date("Y-m-d H:i:s"));
   
$stmt = $db->connection->prepare("INSERT INTO guestbook (fid, user, message, DATE) VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?)");
    if(
$stmt){
// bind variables here "sss" declares 1st, 2nd & 3rd values are string, use i for integer
   
$stmt->bind_param("sss", $values[0], $values[1], $values[2]);
   
$stmt->execute();
    }

?>


Details

PHP-Database-Class

OOP Database class for PHP MySQL connection and insert, update, delete and select query

CONFIG File

All database configurations are stored in seperate config.ini.php file, which can be kept off document root.

DATABASE CONNECTION AND QUERIES

Database class loads configuration file and establishes a MySQLi connect in constructor so just creating an instance of class connects you with database.

e.g:

$db = new MySQLDb; // would connect to database

To run any kind of query (select, insert, update, delete), pass SQL query to query method of class

e.g:

$query = "select * from table_name";

$result = $db->query($query); //$result object returns true on successful execution

To select rows after executing query, use fetch() method and store result in an array

e.g:

$rows = $db->fetch();

Examples of Use:

examples.php has a create table SQL to create a test table and load some data in it

Examples includes quering database, checking result object and examples of select, insert, update and delete queries.


  Files folder image Files  
File Role Description
Accessible without login Plain text file config.ini.php Conf. Configuration script
Plain text file database.class.php Class Class source
Accessible without login Plain text file example.php Example Example script
Accessible without login Plain text file LICENSE Lic. License text
Accessible without login Plain text file README.md Doc. Documentation

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